早稲田過去問解説 理工学部 英語 2019 基幹・先進・創造

[2] Multiple intelligences (MI) theory, on the other hand, pluralizes the traditional concept. An intelligence is a computational capacity - a capacity to process a certain kind of information - that originates in human biology and human psychology. Humans have certain kinds of intelligences, whereas rats, birds, and computers foreground other kinds of computational capacities. An intelligence entails the ability to solve problems or fashion products that are of consequence in a particular cultural setting or community. The problem-solving skill allows one to approach a situation in which a goal is to be obtained and to locate the appropriate route to that goal. The creation of a cultural ( A ) allows one to capture and transmit knowledge or to express one's conclusions, beliefs, or feelings. The problems to be solved range from creating an end for a story to anticipating a winning move in chess to repairing a quilt. Products range from scientific theories to musical compositions to successful political campaigns.

Text I, Question 2
Which of the following words fits in blank A?
a. problem    b. product   c. conclusion   d. computational

[2] 第4文
intelligenceは以下の2つをentailしている。
solve problems: 問題を解く
fashion products: ものを作る
ここでのfashionは動詞で,意味はmakeと近い。
普段から「品詞」を意識することが大切。

fashion: 名詞,動詞
fashionable: 形容詞
fashionably: 副詞

そして,problemsとproductsについて交互に説明が行われる。

The problem-solving skill allows one to approach ...
The creation of a cultural ( A ) allows one to capture ...

The problems range from creating ... to anticipating ...
Products range from scientific theories to musical compositions ...

このように見れば,(A)にproductが入るのは明らかである。

【要点】
solve problems
⇒ problem ... allows one to ...
⇒ problems range from ... to ...

fashion products
⇒ product ... allows one to ...
⇒ products range from ... to ...

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